ABSTRACT

This study examined the effect of mindfulness on anxiety and post event-processing, as compared to distraction in socially anxious undergraduate students. Undergraduate students received the first speech task to induce anxiety, and were randomly assigned to three different treatment conditions; mindfulness condition(n=18), distraction condition(n=18), and control condition(n=18). They completed measures of subjective anxiety response before and after speeches. After receiving brief training, they underwent the second speech task and post-event rumination was assessed over the 24 hours period. Results indicated that the mindfulness group showed a greater decrease in subjective anxiety response before the speech than the other two groups, but there was no difference in subjective anxiety response after the speech between the mindfulness group and the distraction group. Next day, the mindfulness group reported less post-event rumination compared to the other two conditions. These results suggest that mindfulness can be an effective way to reduce anticipatory anxiety and post-event rumination in socially anxious individuals.

KEYWORD

social anxiety, mindfulness, post-event process

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