초록

Kang, Eungyeong and Kim, Jin-hyung. 2015. Reconsidering Rhythm in English Noun Phrases. Korean Journal of English Language and Linguistics 15-4, 691-712. This paper investigates native English speakers’ intuitions about the propensity of rhythmic stress shift in English noun phrases. We extended Hammond’s (1999) experiments and performed a questionnaire survey of 60 noun phrases composed of adjective-noun to see what factors affect the rhythm rule. The results show that the rhythm rule is active in English and that it is influenced by morphological factors: Morphologically complex adjectives are more susceptible to the rhythm rule, and level 2 derived adjectives undergo the rhythm rule more readily than level 1 derived adjectives. On the other hand, we found that lexical frequency of adjectives, nouns, or noun phrases did not play a role in the rhythm rule.

키워드

English, rhythm rule, stress shift, noun phrases, frequency, morphological complexity

참고문헌(9)open

  1. [인터넷자료] / http://corpus.byu.edu/coca/

  2. [단행본] 전상범 / 2004 / 음운론 / 서울대학교출판부

  3. [기타] Bolinger, Dwight / 1965 / Pitch accent and sentence rhythm. Forms of English: Accent, morpheme, order : 139 ~ 180

  4. [학술지] Hammond, Michael / 1992 / Eurhythmy or clash in English rhythm rule / Coyote Papers 8 : 74 ~ 86

  5. [단행본] Hammond, Michael / 1999 / Functionalism and Formalism in Linguistics / John Benjamins : 329 ~ 358

  6. [학술지] Hayes, Bruce / 1984 / The phonology of rhythm in English / Linguistic Inquiry 15 (1) : 33 ~ 74

  7. [학술대회] Hicks, Catherine / 2000 / Lexical frequency and the rhythm rule in English / Paper presented at The Annual Meeting of the Linguistic Society of America

  8. [학술지] Liberman, Mark / 1977 / On stress and linguistic rhythm / Linguistic Inquiry 8 (2) : 249 ~ 336

  9. [학술지] Prince, Alan / 1983 / Relating to the grid / Linguistic Inquiry 14 : 19 ~ 100