ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to compare the definition and assumptions of mediated and moderated effects frequently used in recent clinical research and to introduce a combination of the models verifying these two effects. Frist, difference of research questions and hypotheses, verification of each effect is attempted, is discussed through comparison of the models of these two effects. Differences in discussion of advance research for each research problem and hypothesis testing were also presented. Second, differences between conceptual models and statistical models of moderated and mediated effects were described to explain mistakes many clinical psychologists make in the process of verifying the models of these two effects. Third, considerations and methods used in performance of statistical significance tests for mediated and moderated effects are followed. Last, conditional process models, combining models verifying moderated effects and models verifying mediated effects, are presented. Under the framework of the conditional process models, integration of mediated moderational effects and moderated mediational effects is presented.

KEYWORD

Moderational Effects, Mediational Effects, Moderated Mediation, Mediated Moderation, OLS Regression

REFERENCES(38)open

  1. [jounal] 권용철 / 2013 / 경찰관의 외상후 스트레스 장애(PTSD) 증상과 관련된 인지적, 정서적 특성 / Korean Journal of Clinical Psychology 32 (3) : 649 ~ 665

  2. [jounal] 김민주 / 2013 / 청소년의 ADHD 증상이 또래관계 질에 미치는 영향에서 실행기능의 매개효과 / Korean Journal of Clinical Psychology 32 (2) : 313 ~ 330

  3. [jounal] 김인혜 / 2014 / 사회 문화적 영향, 신체불만족, 대처방식 및 이분법적 사고가 폭식행동과 절식행동에 미치는 영향 / Korean Journal of Clinical Psychology 33 (2) : 315 ~ 339

  4. [jounal] 김현지 / 2012 / 노인의 삶의 의미와 자살생각 간의 관계: 지각된 사회적 지지와 회피적 대처양식의 매개효과 / Korean Journal of Clinical Psychology 31 (2) : 589 ~ 606

  5. [jounal] 노상선 / 2014 / 대학생의 자기 자비와 생활 스트레스가 자살생각에 미치는 영향: 반추와 우울의 매개 역할 / Korean Journal of Clinical Psychology 33 (4) : 735 ~ 754

  6. [book] 박광배 / 2003 / 변량분석과 회귀분석 / 학지사

  7. [jounal] 서영석 / 2010 / 상담심리 연구에서 매개효과와 조절효과 검증: 개념적 구분 및 자료 분석 시 고려 사항 / 한국심리학회지: 상담 및 심리치료 22 (4) : 1147 ~ 1168

  8. [jounal] 설정훈 / 2015 / 해군 장병의 스트레스와 인지적 정서조절전략이 정신건강 문제에 미치는 영향: 지각된 사회적 지지의 조절된 매개효과 / Korean Journal of Clinical Psychology 34 (2) : 553 ~ 578

  9. [jounal] 이민경 / 2013 / 모의 과보호와 청소년의 행동억제기질 및 청소년 걱정과의 관계: 지각된 통제의 매개효과 / Korean Journal of Clinical Psychology 32 (1) : 77 ~ 96

  10. [jounal] 이종선 / 2012 / 외적 속박감이 자살사고에 미치는 영향: 부정적 정서의 매개효과 및 정서대처 탄력성의 조절효과 / Korean Journal of Clinical Psychology 31 (4) : 883 ~ 905

  11. [jounal] 조용래 / 2011 / 자기 자비, 생활 스트레스 및 탈중심화가 심리적 건강에 미치는 효과: 매개중재모형 / Korean Journal of Clinical Psychology 30 (3) : 767 ~ 787

  12. [book] Aiken, L. S. / 1991 / Multiple regression : Testing and interpreting interactions / Sage

  13. [jounal] Alwin, D. F. / 1975 / The decomposition of effects in path analysis / American Sociological Review : 37 ~ 47

  14. [jounal] Aroian, L. A. / 1947 / The probability function of the product of two normally distributed variables / The Annals of Mathematical Statistics : 265 ~ 271

  15. [jounal] Baron, R. M. / 1986 / The moderator-mediator variable distinction in social psychological research : Conceptual, strategic, and statistical considerations / Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 51 (6) : 1173 ~ 1182

  16. [jounal] Bauer, D. J. / 2005 / Probing interactions in fixed and multilevel regression : Inferential and graphical techniques / Multivariate Behavioral Research 40 (3) : 373 ~ 400

  17. [jounal] Cheung, M. W. / 2009 / Comparison of methods for constructing confidence intervals of standardized indirect effects / Behavior Research Methods 41 (2) : 425 ~ 438

  18. [jounal] Cheng, G. W. / 2008 / Testing mediation and suppression effects of latent variables / Organizational Research Methods 2 : 296 ~ 325

  19. [book] Cohen, J. / 2013 / Applied multiple regression/correlation analysis for the behavioral sciences / Routledge

  20. [jounal] Edwards, J. R. / 2007 / Methods for integrating moderation and mediation : a general analytical framework using moderated path analysis / Psychological Methods 12 (1) : 1 ~ 22

  21. [jounal] Efron, B. / 1987 / Better bootstrap confidence intervals / Journal of the American statistical Association 82 (397) : 171 ~ 185

  22. [jounal] Hayes, A. F. / 2009 / Beyond Baron and Kenny : Statistical mediation analysis in the new millennium / Communication Monographs 76 (4) : 408 ~ 420

  23. [book] Hayes, A. F. / 2013 / Introduction to mediation, moderation, and conditional process analysis: A regression-based approach / Guilford Press

  24. [book] Hedges, L. V. / 2014 / Statistical Method for Meta-Analysis / Academic press

  25. [book] Kline, R. B. / 2010 / Principles and Practice of Structural Equation Modeling / Guildford

  26. [jounal] MacCallum, R. C. / 2000 / Applications of structural equation modeling in psychological research / Annual Review of Psychology 51 (1) : 201 ~ 226

  27. [jounal] MacCallum, R. C. / 2002 / On the practice of dichotomization of quantitative variables / Psychological Methods 7 (1) : 19 ~ 40

  28. [book] MacKinnon, D. P. / 2008 / Introduction to Statistical Mediation Analysis / Routledge

  29. [jounal] MacKinnon, D. P. / 2000 / Contrasts in multiple mediator models / Multivariate Applications in Substance Use Research: New Methods for New Questions : 141 ~ 160

  30. [jounal] MacKinnon, D. P. / 2000 / Equivalence of the mediation, confounding and suppression effect / Prevention Science 1 (4) : 173 ~ 181

  31. [jounal] MacKinnon, D. P. / 2002 / A comparison of methods to test mediation and other intervening variable effects / Psychological Methods 7 (1) : 83 ~ 104

  32. [jounal] MacKinnon, D. P. / 2004 / Confidence limits for the indirect effect : Distribution of the product and resampling methods / Multivariate Behavioral Research 39 (1) : 99 ~ 128

  33. [jounal] Maxwell, S. E. / 1993 / Bivariate median splits and spurious statistical significance / Psychological Bulletin 113 (1) : 181 ~ 191

  34. [jounal] Muller, D. / 2005 / When moderation is mediated and mediation is moderated / Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 89 (6) : 852 ~ 863

  35. [jounal] Preacher, K. J. / 2007 / Addressing moderated mediation hypotheses : Theory, methods, and prescriptions / Multivariate Behavioral Research 42 (1) : 185 ~ 227

  36. [jounal] Preacher, K. J. / 2012 / Advantages of Monte Carlo confidence intervals for indirect effects / Communication Methods and Measures 6 (2) : 77 ~ 98

  37. [jounal] Selig, J. P. / 2009 / Mediation models for longitudinal data in developmental research / Research in Human Development 6 (2-3) : 144 ~ 164

  38. [jounal] Shrout, P. E. / 2002 / Mediation in experimental and nonexperimental studies : new procedures and recommendations / Psychological Methods 7 (4) : 422 ~ 445