ABSTRACT

This study aims to measure child poverty in Korea with multidimensional poverty index. Although poor children have been deprived in many aspects of living standards, poverty measurement based on household income comes short of identifying children’s deprivation. In this sense, this study attempts to measure child poverty drawing on the theoretical discourses of relative deprivation by Peter Townsend who defines poverty with standard of living, as well as income. It suggests multidimensional deprivation index that comprises five component variables within four dimensions- Shelter, Food/nutrition, Health and Education. After reviewing validity and reliability of the index, it estimates optimum poverty threshold considering standard of living and income. According to the analysis of 2008 KOREA National Survey on Children and Youth Data, child poverty rate measured with multidimensional poverty index is higher than conventional income poverty rate. In addition, a range of socio- economic and demographic variables are analysed to come up with characteristics of poor households with children. Child poverty rate appears to be higher in the rural area, household headed by aged over 60s, lone-parent, single mother, and working poor household. Based on the findings, this study suggests for child policy to introduce more inclusive poverty measurement and directly target specific needy group.

KEYWORD

material deprivation, multidimensional poverty, child poverty, child policy

REFERENCES(68)open

  1. [jounal] 강신욱 / 2006 / 사회적 배제개념의 정책적 적용을 위한 이론적 검토 / 동향과 전망 (66) : 9 ~ 31

  2. [report] 강신욱 / 2005 / 사회적 배제의 지표개발 및 적용방안 연구

  3. [jounal] 김미숙 / 2008 / 한국의 아동빈곤 실태와 정책과제 / 보건복지포럼 139 : 5 ~ 22

  4. [jounal] 김미숙 / 2007 / 한국 아동빈곤율 수준과 아동빈곤에 영향을 미치는 요인 연구 / 보건사회연구 27 (1) : 3 ~ 26

  5. [jounal] 김혜자 / 2014 / 한국복지패널(2005-2011)의 다차원적 빈곤개념을 활용한 도시·농촌 간 빈곤 격차에 대한 연구 / 보건사회연구 34 (1) : 5 ~ 51

  6. [jounal] 남상호 / 2012 / 가구균등화 척도가 상대빈곤율에 미치는 영향 / 보건복지 Issue & Focus 142 : 142

  7. [jounal] 류연규 / 2003 / 우리나라 아동빈곤율 수준과 변화경향 : 1982~2002년 도시근로자가구를 중심으로 / 한국아동복지학 (16) : 135 ~ 165

  8. [report] 보건복지부 / 2009 / 한국 아동청소년 종합실태조사

  9. [report] 보건복지부 / 2013 / 아동급식지원 현황

  10. [book] 신동면 / 2008 / 동아시아 국가의 공공부조 / 아산재단, 집문당

  11. [report] 이봉주 / 2013 / 쉽게 알아보는 한국 아동의 삶의질에 관한 종합지수 연구

  12. [report] 이봉주 / 2013 / 한국 아동의 삶의 질에 관한 종합지수 연구

  13. [jounal] 이상일 / 2008 / 상대적 박탈의 논리와 소득의 차원을 비교적으로 적용한 빈곤선의 연구 / 민주사회와 정책연구 (13) : 185 ~ 224

  14. [jounal] 이승기 / 2006 / 소득기준에 의한 빈곤가구와 박탈기준에 의한 빈곤가구의 가구구성에 있어서의 차이에 관한 연구 / 사회복지정책 (27) : 37 ~ 54

  15. [jounal] 이주하 / 2011 / 빈곤에 대한 정치사회학적 이해 / 한국사회정책 18 (1) : 11 ~ 42

  16. [report] 이현주 / 2012 / 빈곤에 대한 대안적 접근: 욕구범주를 고려한 다차원성에 대한 분석

  17. [confproc] 정원오 / 2008 / 박탈과 주관적 빈곤의 개념적 유용성 검토 / 제1회 한국복지패널 학술대회논문집 : 145 ~ 161

  18. [jounal] 정은희 / 2014 / 박탈지표를 이용한 아동빈곤집단의 특성과 정책과제 / 보건복지 Issue & Focus 237

  19. [jounal] 정은희 / 2015 / 아동빈곤 현황과 정책방향 / 보건복지포럼 220 : 49 ~ 57

  20. [book] 정은희 / 2013 / 우리나라 아동빈곤의 특성 / 한국 보건사회연구원

  21. [thesis] 정의진 / 2012 / 한국 노인의 다차원적 빈곤 구조 분석

  22. [jounal] 조성한 / 2010 / 한국의 공식적 빈곤선에 대한 비판적 고찰 / 현대사회와 행정 20 (3) : 1 ~ 24

  23. [book] 초록우산 어린이재단 / 2013 / 아동의 미래, 집에서 시작합니다 / 초록우산 어린이재단

  24. [other] 한국보건사회연구원 / 2012 / 2012년 빈곤통계연보 / 한국보건사회연구원

  25. [report] 한국보건사회연구원 / 2013 / 아동종합실태조사

  26. [book] Alcock, P. / 1993 / Understanding poverty. Basingstoke / Macmillan

  27. [jounal] Abe, A. / 2010 / Social exclusion and earlier disadvantages: An empirical study of poverty and social exclusion in Japan / Social Science Japan Journal 13 (1) : 5 ~ 30

  28. [book] Becker, G. / 1981 / A treatise on the family / Harvard University. Press

  29. [book] Belfield, C. / 2015 / Living standards, poverty and inequality in the UK: 2015 / Institute for Fiscal Studies

  30. [book] Berghman, J. / 1995 / Beyond threshold: The measurement and analysis of social exclusion / Policy Press

  31. [jounal] Bradshaw, J. / 2007 / An index of child well-being in the European Union / Social Indicators Research 80 (1) : 133 ~ 177

  32. [jounal] Bradshaw, J. / 2011 / Children’s subjective well-being:International comparative perspectives / Children and Youth Services Review 33 (4) : 548 ~ 556

  33. [report] Bramley, G. / 2011 / Indicators of access to cultural resources, education and skills for the PSE survey

  34. [book] Buchel, F. / 2003 / Child well-being, child poverty and child policy in modern nation / The Policy Press : 151 ~ 174

  35. [jounal] Chinkin, C. / 2001 / The United Nations decade for the elimination of poverty: What role for international law? / Current Legal Problems 54 (1) : 553 ~ 589

  36. [jounal] De Haan, A. / 2000 / Social exclusion: Enriching the understanding of deprivation / Studies in Social and Political Thought 2 (2) : 22 ~ 40

  37. [book] Duncan, G. / 1997 / Consequences of growing up poor / Russel Sage Foundation

  38. [book] Gordon, D. / 2006 / Poverty and social exclusion in Britain / The Policy Press

  39. [book] Gordon, D. / 2000 / Poverty and social exclusion in Britain / Joseph Rowntree Foundation

  40. [book] Gordon, D. / 2012 / Global child poverty and well-being: Measurement, concepts, policy and action / The Policy Press

  41. [book] Gordon, D. / 2003 / Child Poverty in the Developing World / Policy Press

  42. [book] Gregg, P. / 2003 / Child well-being, child poverty and child policy in modern nations / The Policy Press : 129 ~ 150

  43. [other] / 2015 / JRF Data-Child poverty rate over time / Joseph Rowntree Foundation

  44. [jounal] Kwak, Y. / 2014 / Adult necessities of life in South Korea / Journal of Asian Public Policy 7 (1) : 41 ~ 57

  45. [jounal] Lau, M. / 2010 / Child well-being in the Pacific Rim / Child Indicators Research 3 (3) : 367 ~ 383

  46. [other] Lau, M. / 2014 / Poverty and social exclusion in Hong Kong: First results from the 2013 Living Standards Survey /

  47. [confproc] Lee, B. / 2013 / Developing an index of child well-being in Korea / Paper presented at the The 4th ISCI conference

  48. [jounal] Levitas, R. / 1999 / Defining and measuring social exclusion: A critical overview of current proposals / Radical Statistics 71 : 10 ~ 27

  49. [book] Mack, J. / 1985 / Poor Britain / Allen & Unwin

  50. [report] Martorano, B. / 2013 / Child well-being in advanced economies in the late 2000s

  51. [jounal] Nandy, S. / 2005 / Poverty, child undernutrition and morbidity: New evidence from India / Bulletin of the World Health Organization 83 (3) : 210 ~ 216

  52. [book] Notten, G. / 2012 / Global child poverty and well-being:Measurement, concepts, policy and action / The Policy Press

  53. [book] Nunnally, J. / 1981 / Psychometric theory / Tate McGraw-Hill Publishing Company Ltd

  54. [web] OECD / OECD Family Database

  55. [book] Pantazia, C. / 2006 / Poverty and social exclusion in Britain / The Policy Press

  56. [book] Pemberton, S. / 2012 / Global child poverty and well-being:Measurement, concepts, policy and action / The Policy Press : 19 ~ 37

  57. [jounal] Qi D. / 2014 / Child poverty in China: A multidimensional deprivation approach / Child Indicators Research 7 (1) : 89 ~ 118

  58. [confproc] Robinson, M. / 2002 / Speech at the World summit for sustainable development / Paper presented at the World Summmit for Sustainable Development

  59. [book] Roelen, K. / 2012 / Global child poverty and well-being: Measurement, concepts, policy and action / The Policy Press

  60. [report] Saunders, P. / 2003 / Can social exclusion provide a new framework for measuring poverty?

  61. [jounal] Townsend, P. / 1962 / The meaning of poverty / The British Journal of Sociology 13 (3) : 210 ~ 227

  62. [book] Townsend, P. / 1979 / Poverty in the United Kingdom: A survey of household resources and standards of living / Penguin

  63. [book] UN / 1995 / The Copenhagen Declaration and Programme of Action / United Nations

  64. [book] UNGA / 2006 / Promotion and protection of the rights of children: Report of the third committee / United Nations General Assembly

  65. [book] UNICEF / 2007 / Global study on child poverty and disparity 2007-2008 : GUIDE / UNICEF

  66. [report] UNICEF / 2012 / Measuring Child Poverty : New league tables of child poverty in the world’s rich countries

  67. [report] UNICEF / 2013 / Child well-being in rich countries: A comparative overview

  68. [jounal] Wong, Y. / 2015 / Poverty and quality of life of Chinese children: From the perspective of deprivation / International Journal of Social Welfare 24 (3) : 236 ~ 247