ABSTRACT

Purpose: The current study attempts to investigate the relationships between victimization characteristics, self-blame and post-traumatic stress symptoms in sexually abused children. Methods: In order to answer the attempted question, we measure and analyze the forensic evaluations and psychological evaluations of 103 sexually abused children who visited Sexual Abuse Response Center between 2007 and 2012. The data were analyzed using t-test, one-way ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficients and hierarchical multiple regression with IBM SPSS/WIN 21.0 Program. Results: At the correlation coefficients analysis the physical injury was significantly associated with self-blame (r=.37, p<.01) and post-traumatic stress (r=.32, p<.01). When controlling the Gender, physical injury was the only factor that was independently related to self-blame (β=.34, p=.002), however for the post-traumatic stress symptoms both gender (β=-.22, p=.031) and physical injury (β=.28, p=.011) were showed significantly effect to the post-traumatic stress symptoms. Conclusion: Children who have experienced physical injuries from sexual abuse are more likely to show self-blame attributions and post-traumatic symptoms. Therefore medical professionals must understand the effects of physical injuries on traumatic symptoms and also recommend psychological treatment in treating physical injuries of sexually abused child victims.

KEYWORD

child, sexual abuse, injury, self-blame, post-traumatic, stress

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