ABSTRACT

Purpose: This study will compare disfluency and articulation errors depending on phonetic complexity levels between children with speech sound disorders (SSD) and typically developing (TD) children. Methods: Seventeen preschoolers with SSD and 17 TD preschoolers participated in a picture-description test. The subjects described pictures that were composed of words with two phonetic complexity levels (‘low’ and ‘high’). The collected spoken samples were comparatively analyzed with each group's ratio according to disfluency types and articulation errors. Results: Both groups showed significantly high disfluency ratios at the 'high' level of phonetic complexity, and in the group with SSD, the articulation errors without disfluency in both levels of phonetic complexity were significantly abundant. In addition, no interaction effect between the phonetic complexity levels and the articulation error types was observed, so it was concluded that there were no differences of error-type ratios in either level. Conclusions: As the phonetic complexity level increases, the children may have more burden in phonological/phonetic processing, so the difficulty of speech production also increases. Due to such difficulty, disfluency may appear and there is evidence that there is a trade-off relationship between phonological processing deficit and speech disfluency.

KEYWORD

Disfluency, speech sound disorders, phonetic complexity, articulation errors

REFERENCES(25)open

  1. [jounal] 안진영 / 2013 / 학령 전 음운장애 아동의 비유창성 특성 / 언어치료연구 22 (1) : 253 ~ 272

  2. [thesis] 안영순 / 2012 / 학령전기 말더듬 아동의 조음복잡성에 따른 비단어 따라말하기 수행 및 비유창성 특성

  3. [jounal] Arnold, H. S. / 2005 / Phonological neighborhood density in the picture naming of young children Who stutter / Journal of Fluency Disorders 30 : 125 ~ 148

  4. [jounal] 하지완 / 2012 / 다차원 구어 단기기억에 따른 전도 실어증 환자의 언어수행력 분석 / 인지과학 23 (4) : 425 ~ 455

  5. [jounal] Hall, N. E. / 1996 / Language and fluency in child language disorders : Changes over time / Journal of Fluency Disorder 21 : 1 ~ 32

  6. [jounal] Hatkim, H. B. / 2004 / Nonword repetition abilities of children who stutter : An exploratory study / Journal of Fluency Disorders 29 : 179 ~ 199

  7. [book] 김광해 / 2003 / 등급별 국어교육용 어휘 / 박이정

  8. [book] 김영태 / 2009 / 수용․ 표현 어휘력 검사 / 서울장애인종합복지관

  9. [book] 김영태 / 2004 / 우리말 조음․음운평가 / 학지사

  10. [jounal] 이은주 / 2004 / 조음복잡성이 비유창성과 조음오류에 미치는 영향 / Communication Sciences and Disorders 9 (3) : 139 ~ 156

  11. [jounal] 이은미 / 2012 / 학령전기 아동의 자발화에 나타난언어적 비유창성 특성과 구문발달과의 관계 / 언어치료연구 21 (4) : 178 ~ 189

  12. [book] Levelt, W. J. M. / 1989 / Speaking : From intention to articulation / MIT Press

  13. [jounal] Louko, L. J. / 1990 / Phonological characteristics of young stutterers and their normally fluent peers: Preliminary observations / Journal of Fluency Disorders 15 : 191 ~ 210

  14. [jounal] Louko, L. / 1995 / Phonological characteristics of young children who stutter / Topics in Language Disorders 15 : 48 ~ 59

  15. [jounal] Melinck, K. S. / 2000 / Relationship of length and grammatical complexity to the systematic and nonsystematic speech errors and stuttering of child who stutter / Journal of Fluency Disorders 25 (1) : 21 ~ 45

  16. [jounal] Melnick, K. S. / 2003 / Phonological priming in picture naming of young children who stutter / Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research 46 (6) : 1428 ~ 1443

  17. [jounal] Pelczarski, K. M. / 2014 / Phonological encoding of young children who stutter / Journal of Fluency Disorders 39 : 12 ~ 24

  18. [jounal] Postma, A. / 1993 / The covert repair hypothesis : Prearticulatory repair processes in normal and stuttered disfluencies / Journal of Speech and Hearing Research 36 : 472 ~ 487

  19. [jounal] Postma, A. / 2000 / Detection of errors during speech production : A review of speech monitoring models / Cognition 77 : 97 ~ 132

  20. [book] 심현섭 / 2010 / 파라다이스 유창성검사Ⅱ / 파라다이스 복지재단

  21. [jounal] Throneburg, R. N. / 1994 / Relation between phonologic difficulty and the occurrence of disfluencies in the early stage of stuttering / Journal of Speech and Hearing Research 37 : 504 ~ 509

  22. [jounal] Wolk, L. / 1993 / Coexistence of stuttering and disordered phonology in young children / Journal of Speech and Hearing Research 36 : 906 ~ 917

  23. [jounal] Wolk, L. / 1998 / Intervention strategies for children who exhibit coexisting phonological disorders and fluency disorders : A clinical note / Child Language Teaching and Therapy 14 (2) : 69 ~ 82

  24. [jounal] Wolk. L. / 2000 / The frequency of simulataneous disfluency and phonological errors in children : A preliminary investigation / Journal of Fluency Disorders 25 : 269 ~ 281

  25. [book] Yairi, E. / 2005 / Early childhood stuttering / Pro-Ed