ABSTRACT

Disorder (ADHD) symptoms and to investigate the relationships among ADHD symptoms,environmental factors, and peer relationships in elementary school students. Prevalence forADHD symptoms was based on teacher-reports (K-ARS) in a sample of 4th, 5th, 6th gradeelementary school students. In addition, relationships among ADHD symptoms, environmentalvariables in terms of teacher support, peer prejudice, parents-teacher relationships, andparents-peer relationships, and peer relationships were investigated. The results were follows. First, prevalence rate of ADHD symptoms was 22.32%, and for gender ranged 31.51% for maleand 12.64% for female students. Second, compared to non-ADHD group, ADHD symptomsgroup displayed lower mean scores on teacher support, parents-teacher relationships,parents-peer relationships, and peer relationships, whereas displayed higher mean scores onpeer prejudice. Third, on ADHD symptoms group, teacher support, peer prejudice,parents-teacher relationships, and parents-peer relationships were the predictive variables ofpeer relationships. On non-ADHD group, ADHD symptoms were also the predictive variableof peer relationships. Through the study, it was revealed that children with ADHD symptoms,who did not diagnose with ADHD, but display high level of ADHD symptoms were increasing,experienced difficulties with peer relationships, and the peer relationships should be understoodwithin their environmental context in which they live, such as school. According to these results,findings and implications are discussed.

KEYWORD

ADHD symptoms, prevalence, environmental context, peer relationships, elementary school students

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