ABSTRACT

This paper aims to examine immigrants integration policy in the Netherlands, which has been paid attentions when the key political leaders in Europe recently declared the failure of multiculturalism. Studying the Dutch case is worthwhile because the Netherlands was a pioneer who took initiatives in shifting the basic direction of immigrants integration policy from multiculturalism to civic integration. The idea of civic integration claims that the basic knowledge of language, history, and institution for receiving countries is indispensable to immigrant integration. We investigate the legal status of marriage-migrants, which indicates tougher restrictions on family migration. We also explore the current implementation system for social incorporation policy which includes the contents, programs, and implementation system for social incorporation policy as well as its governance system. Social integration policies for immigrants are covered by the Ministry of the Interior and Kingdom Relations and the Immigration and Naturalization Service in cooperation with the Ministry of Security and Justice, the Ministry of Health, Welfare and Sport, the Ministry of Social Affairs and Employment, the Ministry of Education, Culture and Science, and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. While the Ministry of the Interior and Kingdom Relations establishes immigration policy, the Immigration and Naturalization Service implements that policy. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs issues visas, and the Ministry of Health, Welfare and Sport is in charge of welfare policy and family policy. The Ministry of Social Affairs and Employment takes responsibility of labor market policy. The Ministry of Education, Culture and Science is responsible for education policy. Since the 1990s, neoliberal ideas that emphasized personal responsibility were reflected on immigration policies. As immigration controls have been strengthened, the social integration policies for immigrants have been in decline.

KEYWORD

Immigrants, Immigration Policy, Social Incorporation Policies, Immigration Laws, Immigration Agency, Xenophobia, Netherlands

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