ABSTRACT

This study examined the impact of four psychosocial variables (parenting attitudes, forced social comparison, irrational beliefs, and perceived career barriers) on employment anxiety of college students. A total of 900 participants in 3th and 4th grades from four large universities in Busan. Results from structural equation modeling analyses indicated that a hypothesized model produced a better fit to the data than a comparative structural model. The hypothesized model shows the following results: First, parenting attitudes had an impact on employment anxiety not only directly but also either just through irrational beliefs or through both irrational beliefs and perceived career barriers in sequence. Second, forced social comparison had an impact on employment anxiety only directly, but not through irrational beliefs or perceived career barriers. Third, irrational beliefs had an impact on employment anxiety both directly and through perceived career barriers. Finally, parenting attitudes, forced social comparison, irrational beliefs, and perceived career barriers accounted for 51% of the variance of employment anxiety. Limitations of this study and implications for future studies were discussed.

KEYWORD

employment anxiety, perceived career barriers, irrational beliefs, forced social comparison, parenting attitudes

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