ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to identify child and mother's temperamental profiles related to the child's internalizing and externalizing problems through latent profile analysis. A total of 282 preschoolers were recruited and their mothers evaluated children's temperaments and behavioral problems along with their own temperaments. For both internalizing and externalizing problems, four latent classes were identified: “little problem”, “average problem”, “mild problem”, and “severe problem”. Children in the severe internalizing problem class had high novelty seeking, high harm avoidance, and high reward dependence while their mothers had high novelty seeking tendency. Children in the severe externalizing problem class had high novelty seeking, high harm avoidance, low reward dependence, and low persistence while their mothers had high harm avoidance tendency. This study explicitly shows child and mother's vulnerable temperamental profiles related to child's behavioral problems, and it provides an implication for possible prevention strategies.

KEYWORD

child temperament, mother temperament, internalizing, externalizing, latent profile analysis

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