ABSTRACT

The current study examined the role of social connections and emotion regulation in suicidal ideation among individuals with interpersonal trauma. Based on the interpersonal-psychological theory of suicide (Joiner, 2005), we hypothesized that two indices of social connections, thwarted belongingness and perceived burdensomeness, would be associated with current and lifetime suicidal ideation. Further, we hypothesized that cognitive emotion dysregulation and impulsivity would be associated with current and lifetime suicidal ideation. Participants were recruited from community mental health centers and local shelters for victims of domestic violence and sexual/physical abuse. A total of eighty-five participants completed a set of self-report questionnaires assessing current and lifetime suicidal ideation, traumatic events, perceived burdensomeness, thwarted belongingness, cognitive emotion dysregulation, and impulsivity. Results showed that perceived burdensomness, catastrophizing, and negative urgency were significantly associated with current and lifetime history of suicidal ideation. Thwarted belongingness was associated only with current suicidal ideation. Findings suggest the need for psychosocial intervention to reduce suicide risk among individuals with interpersonal trauma.

KEYWORD

suicidal ideation, traumatic event, belongingness, perceived burdensomeness, cognitive emotion regulation, impulsivity

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