초록

본 연구의 목적은 간략하여 사용이 간편하면서 동시에 문화적 공정성을 지닌 행복 척도를 개발 및 타당화하는 것이었다. 이를 위해서 주관적 안녕감의 핵심요소인 삶의 만족, 긍정적 정서, 부정적 정서를 측정하는 단축형 행복 척도(COMOSWB: Concise Measure of Subjective Well-Being) 9문항을 개발했다. 삶의 만족은 자신의 개인적 측면에 대한 만족 외에 대인관계와 소속집단에 대한 만족도를 측정하는 문항을 포함했고, 정서적 행복은 2회의 경험적 연구를 통해 행복과 밀접한 관계가 있는 각성수준 고, 중, 저의 긍/부정적 정서 경험으로 문항을 구성했다. 이렇게 개발된 단축형 행복 척도(COMOSWB)는 문항수가 적음에도 불구하고 높은 신뢰도와 타당도를 보였다. 구체적으로 새로운 행복 척도는 적절한 수준의 내적 일치도와 검사-재검사 신뢰도, 구인타당도, 수렴 및 변별 타당도가 있었고, 친구들의 행복 평가와도 일치하는 양상을 나타냈다. 끝으로 새롭게 개발된 단축형 행복 척도(COMOSWB)가 갖는 의의에 대해 논의했다.

키워드

행복, 주관적 안녕감, 척도 개발, 타당화

참고문헌(43)open

  1. [학술지] 구재선 / 2006 / 심리적 특성, 생활 경험, 행복의 통합적 관계 / 한국심리학회지: 사회및성격 20 (4) : 1 ~ 18

  2. [학술지] 김명수 / 2003 / 한국 성인의 행복한 삶의 구성요인 탐색 및 척도개발 / 한국심리학회지: 건강 8 (2) : 415 ~ 442

  3. [학술지] 김완석 / 1997 / 주관적 안녕 척도:공동생활 및행동과의 연관 / 한국심리학회지:사회문제 3 : 61 ~ 81

  4. [학술지] 박윤창 / 1995 / 자극추구동기가 청소년 비행에 미치는 영향 / 한국심리학회지:사회문제 2 : 53 ~ 64

  5. [학술지] 이현희 / 2003 / 한국판 정적 정서 및 부적 정서 척도 (Positive Affect and Negative Affect Schedule; PANAS)의 타당화 연구 / 한국심리학회지 임상 22 (4)

  6. [학술지] 임낭연 / 2010 / 한국에서의 Diener의 삶의 만족 척도 (Satisfaction With Life Scale: SWLS) 사용 연구 개관 / 한국심리학회지:일반 29 (1) : 21 ~ 47

  7. [단행본] Andrews, F. M. / 1976 / SocialIndicators of well-being: America's perception of life quality / Plenum Press

  8. [학술지] Berry,J.W / 1989 / Imposed etics-emics-derivedetics: The operationalization of a compelling idea / International Journal of Psychology 24 : 721 ~ 735

  9. [단행본] Bradburn,N.M / 1969 / The structure of psychological well-being / Aldine

  10. [단행본] Cantril,H / 1965 / The pattern of human concerns.New Brunswick / Rutgers University Press

  11. [학술지] Chiasson, N. / 1996 / A lookinto the folk psychology for four cultural groups / Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology 27 : 673 ~ 691

  12. [학술지] Costa, P. T / 1980 / Influence ofextraversion and neuroticism on subjectivewell-being: Happy and unhappy people / Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 54 : 296 ~ 308

  13. [학술지] Diener,E / 1984 / Subjective well-being / .Psychological Bulletin 95 : 542 ~ 575

  14. [학술지] Diener, E. / 1985 / The satisfaction with life scale / Journal of Personality Assessment 49 : 71 ~ 75

  15. [단행본] Diener, E. / 1991 / Happiness is the frequency, not the intensity ofpositive versus negative affect. In Subjectivewell-being: An interdisciplinary perspective / Pergamon Press : 119 ~ 139

  16. [학술지] Diener, E. / 1995 / The personality structure of affect / Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 50 : 130 ~ 141

  17. [단행본] Diener, E. / 2000 / Culture and subjective well-being / MITPress

  18. [학술지] Diener, E. / 1999 / Subjective well-being: Three decades of progress / Psychological Bulletin 125 : 276 ~ 302

  19. [학술지] Diener, E. / 2009 / New measures of well-being: Flourishing and positive and negative feelings / Social Indicators Research 39 : 247 ~ 266

  20. [학술지] Emmons, R. A / 1985 / Personality correlates of subjective well-being / Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin 11 : 89 ~ 97

  21. [학술지] Fordyce,M W / 1988 / A review of research on thehappiness measures: A sixty second index of happiness and mental health / Social Indicators Research 20 : 355 ~ 381

  22. [학술지] Gosling, S. D. / 2003 / A very brief measure of the Big-Fivepersonality domains / Journal of Research in Personality 37 : 504 ~ 528

  23. [단행본] Kemper,T / 1984 / Power, status, and emotions: Asociological contribution to a psychophysio logical domain, In v / Erlbaum : 369 ~ 383

  24. [학술지] Kim, U / 2000 / The challenge of cross-cultural psychology: The roleof the indigenous psychology / Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology 31 : 63 ~ 75

  25. [단행본] Kitayama, S. / 2000 / The pursuitof happiness and the realization of sympathy:Cultural Patterns of self, social relations, andwell-being, In Culture and subjective well-being / The MIT Press : 63 ~ 86

  26. [학술지] Kitayama, S. / 2000 / Culture, emotion, and well-being: Goodfeeling in Japan and the Unitied States / Cognition and Emotion 14 : 93 ~ 124

  27. [학술지] Kwan, V. S. Y. / 1997 / Pancultural explanations for lifesatis faction adding relationship harmony toself-esteem / Journal of Personality and SocialPsychology 73 : 1038 ~ 1051

  28. [학술지] Lee, D. / 1999 / What makes you happy? A comparisonof self-reported criteria of happiness betweentwo cultures / Social Indicators Research 50 : 351 ~ 362

  29. [학술지] Lu, L / 2004 / Culture and concept ofhappiness: Individual oriented and social oriented SWB / Journal of Happiness Studies 5 : 269 ~ 291

  30. [단행본] Lucas, R. E. / 2003 / Measuring positive emotions, In Positive psychologicalassessment: A handbook of models andmeasures / American Psychological Association : 201 ~ 218

  31. [학술지] Lucas, R. E. / 1996 / Discriminant validity of subjective well-beingmeasures / Journal of Personality and SocialPsychology 71 : 616 ~ 628

  32. [학술지] Lybomirsky, S. / 1999 / A measureof subjective happiness: Preliminary reliabilityand construct validation / Social Indicators Research 46 : 137 ~ 155

  33. [학술지] Markus, H. R. / 1991 / Culture andthe self: Implications for cognition, emotion, and motivation / Psychological Review 98 : 224 ~ 253

  34. [단행본] Morey,L.C / 1991 / Personality AssessmentInventory:Professional Manual / Psychological Assessment Resources Inc.

  35. [학술지] Russell,J.A / 1980 / A circumplex mode of affect / Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 39 : 1161 ~ 1178

  36. [학술지] Russell,J.A / 1983 / Two pan-cultural dimensionsof emotion words / Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 45 : 1281 ~ 1288

  37. [학술지] Scollon, C. N. / 2004 / Emotions acrosscultures and methods / Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology 35 : 304 ~ 326

  38. [단행본] Sedikides, C. / 2001 / Individual self, relational self, collective self / Taylor & Francis

  39. [학술지] Shigehiro Oishi / 200601 / The meaning in life questionnaire: Assessing the presence of and search for meaning in life / JOURNAL OF COUNSELING PSYCHOLOGY 53 (1) : 80 ~ 93

  40. [학술지] 서은국 / 199605 / Events and Subjective Well-Being: Only Recent Events Matter / JOURNAL OF PERSONALITY AND SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY 70 (5) : 1091 ~ 1102

  41. [학술지] Triandis,H.C / 1989 / The self and social behaviorin differing cultural context / Psycho logical review 3 : 506 ~ 520

  42. [학술지] Tsai, J. L. / 2006 / Cultural variation in affect valuation / Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 90 : 288 ~ 307

  43. [학술지] Watson, D. / 1988 / Development and validation of brief measures of positive and negative affect: The PANAS scales / Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 54 : 1063 ~ 1070