ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study is to present an alternative improving the efficient and reasonable of the physical distribution system management is influenced by many factors. Therefore, the study depends on the documentary method and survey method to achieve the purpose of this study. The major components of a physical distribution system are refers to as elements, include warehouse⋅storage system, transportation system, inventory system, physical distribution information system. The factors used in this study are ①factor of product(quality⋅A/S⋅added value of product⋅adaption of product⋅technical competitive power to other enterprises), ②factor of market(market channel⋅kinds of customer⋅physical distribution share), ③factor of warehouse⋅storage(warehouse design⋅size⋅direction⋅storage ability⋅warehouse quality), ④factor of transportation(promptness⋅reliability⋅responsibility⋅kinds of transportation⋅cooperation united transportation system⋅national transportation network), ⑤factor of packaging (packaging design⋅material⋅educating program⋅pollution degree measure program), ⑥factor of inventory(ordinary inventory criterion⋅consistence for inventories record), ⑦factor of unloaded(unloaded machine⋅having machine ratio), ⑧factor of information system (physical distribution quantity analysis⋅usable computer part), ⑨factor of physical distribution cost(sales ratio to product) ⑩factor of physical distribution system(physical distribution center etc). The implication of this study can be summarized as follows: ①In firms that have not adopted a systems integrative approach, physical distribution is a fragmented and often uncoordinated set of activities spread throughout various functions with function having its own set of priorities and measurements. ②The physical distribution is recognized as more an important strategic factor than a simple cost reduction factor, ③It can be used a strategic competition tool to enterprise.

KEYWORD

: Physical Distribution, Product, Market, Warehouse, Transportation, Packaging

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