ABSTRACT

This study examined the appropriateness of patriarchal/asymmetry paradigm and gender-inclusive model (post patriarchal/asymmetry paradigm) in dating violence. The participants were 341 college students (156 males and 185 females) who had the experience of heterosexual dating relationship, whose ages ranged from 18 to 47. The psychological tests used in this research included the following: Straus' Revised Conflict Tactics Scale (CTS-2), Korean Gender Egalitarianism Scale, Narcissistic Personality Inventory (NPI), and Manifest Needs Questionnaire (MNQ). Results revealed that approximately 97% of students reported the experience of inflicting psychological violence toward their dating partners, and almost half of them had the experience of inflicting physical dating violence. Females reported more frequently experience of inflicting physical dating violence than males, whereas they were more frequently received sexual dating violence than males did. People with experience of both inflicting and receiving of dating violence showed higher patriarchal sex role stereotypes than those who never experienced it and the only inflictors. Patriarchal sex role stereotypes were especially closely related to males' inflicting and receiving of dating violence. Although need for dominance was also predictor of dating violence, patriarchal sex role stereotypes was more determinant for dating violence. Sex role stereotypes in family life, for instance, accounted for the almost 16% of the variance of males' inflicting physical dating violence. This study revealed the appropriateness of patriarchal/asymmetry paradigm for dating violence of Korean college students.

KEYWORD

dating violence, gender stereotypes, narcissism, need for dominance,patriarchal/asymmetry paradigm, gender-inclusive model

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