초록

본 연구는 과체중 지적장애인을 대상으로 24주간 농구 운동프로그램을 실시한 후 신체조성과 대사증후군 위험요인, 체력의 변화를 살펴보고, 신체조성의 변화가 대사증후군 위험요인과 체력수준에 어떠한 영향을 주는가를 알아보고자 실시되었다. 남자 지적장애학생 중 과체중인 15명을 대상으로 실시하였으며, 운동군(7명)과 대조군(8명)으로 구분하여 실시하였다. 농구 운동프로그램은 24주간 주3회, 60분간 실시되었고, 대조군에게는 건강 정보만 제공되었다. 본 연구 결과 농구 운동프로그램 후 운동군은 체중, 체질량지수, 체지방률, 허리둘레와 이완기혈압의 유의한 감소와 고밀도지단백질 콜레스테롤의 유의한 증가를 보여 대사증후군 개선효과를 나타내었으며, 체중, 체질량지수, 체지방률의 변화는 혈압과 순발력에 양의 관련성을 나타내었다. 체력요인 중 근지구력과 심폐지구력에서 운동군이 유의하게 개선된 효과를 나타내었다. 이상의 결과 비만지적장애학생에게 24주간 농구 운동프로그램은 신체조성의 변화에 긍정적인 영향을 미치고, 대사증후군 위험요인을 감소시키면서 체력을 증가시키는데 효과적인 것으로 나타났다. 반면, 대조군은 어린시기임에도 불구하고 대사증후군 위험수준의 증가를 보여, 지적장애인들에게 적절한 건강정보제공과 관리를 위한 대책이 마련되어야 할 것으로 사료된다.

키워드

과체중, 지적장애학생, 농구 운동프로그램, 신체조성, 대사증후군, 체력요인

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