ABSTRACT

This study examined the status of conflictual issues of marital conversation, patterns of dysfunctional interaction, and dyadic perspective-taking among Korean couples with minor children based on observational and self-report methods. For this study, ten couples(N=20) were collected by accidental sampling with the condition that they were free from serious marital problems and had children under 18 years old. The couples were indicated to discuss unresolved issues for 30 minutes in a controlled setting. The couples' conversation was videotaped, and their conflictual issues and interaction patterns were analyzed based on systematic observation. Conflictual issues were encoded into five categories: couple issue, child issue, financial issue, family-of-origin issue, and other. Interaction patterns were encoded into four categories: mutual hostility, husband demand/wife withdrawal, wife demand/husband withdrawal, and mutual withdrawal. Also, the couples' dyadic perspective-taking was measured by a self-report survey. The data were analyzed using SPSS Win 17.0 program, and the results were as follows. First, couple issue was the most frequent conflict category then followed by child issue, financial issue, and family-of-origin issue. Second, among the marital interaction patterns, mutual hostility was the most prevalent pattern followed by wife demand/husband withdrawal pattern, and then husband demand/wife withdrawal pattern. Third, women were more likely than men to highly perceive their own perspective-taking. Finally, significant correlations were found: husband demand/wife withdrawal pattern was correlated to family-of-origin issue; higher perspective-taking of the spouse correlated to higher child issue and higher financial issue; and higher perspective-taking of the spouse correlated to lower couple issue and lower wife demand/husband withdrawal.

KEYWORD

Conflictual issues in marital conversation, Patterns of Dysfunctional interaction, Dyadic perspective-taking, Observational study

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