ABSTRACT

This study was conducted to identify the issue that the impact and contents of work-family conflicts(WFC) differed from generation to generation and these conflicts affect happiness of everyday life and organizational life differently from generation to generation. WFC was divided into work to family conflict(WIF) and family to work conflict(FIW). We analysed the differences between generations of impact and contents of WIF and FIW. We also analysed whether the two types of conflicts could explain happiness of everyday life and organizational life even when demographic variables or happiness decision variables were controlled by statistic procedure. Participants of our study were 412 working women in their 20s up to 60s. In this study, we identified the following results; 1) In case of women under the age of 60, qualitative contents of WFC differed from generation to generation, but the extent of WFC did not. 2) In the same group, frequencies of WIF were higher than of FIW regardless of generation, but among those in their 60s and older, the differences were not found. 3) The extent of influences on happiness of WIF and FIW differed from generation to generation. 4) Significant variables correlated with WIF and FIW differed from each other. 5) The two types of conflicts could explain happiness of everyday life even when demographic variables or happiness decision variables were controlled by statistic procedure, but it was not the same regarding the organizational life.

KEYWORD

work-family conflicts, happiness, generation differences, woman

REFERENCES(21)open

  1. [jounal] 가영희 / 2006 / 성인의 직장-가정갈등이 영역별 만족도와 주관적 삶의 질에 미치는 영향 / 한국심리학회지:여성 11 (2) : 163 ~ 186

  2. [jounal] 강혜련 / 2001 / 기혼여성 직장-가정 갈등의 예측변수와 결과변수에 관한 연구 / 한국심리학회지: 여성 6 (1) : 23 ~ 42

  3. [jounal] 김명소 / 2001 / 심리적 안녕감의 구성개념 분석: 한국 성인 남녀를 대상으로 / 한국심리학회지: 사회 및 성격 15 (2) : 19 ~ 40

  4. [jounal] 김명소 / 2003 / 한국인의 행복한 삶에 대한 인구통계학적 특성별 분석 / 한국심리학회지:일반 22 (2) : 1 ~ 33

  5. [jounal] 김현욱 / 2009 / 직무관련 변인이 일-가정 갈등에 미치는 영향과 조직몰입 및 직무열의에 대한 일-가정 갈등의 효과 / 한국심리학회지: 산업 및 조직 22 (2) : 155 ~ 182

  6. [jounal] 박광배 / 1993 / 사랑과 일에 대한 일-가정의 상충효과: 남성들의 경우 / 한국심리학회지: 사회 및 성격 7 (1) : 185 ~ 197

  7. [thesis] 윤창영 / 2001 / 기혼 직장여성의 주관적 삶의 질에 대한 연구

  8. [jounal] 장재윤 / 2003 / 직장-가정간 갈등이 삶의 만족 및 직무 태도에 미치는 효과에 있어서의 성차:우리나라 관리직 공무원들을 대상으로 / 한국심리학회지: 사회문제 9 (1) : 23 ~ 42

  9. [thesis] 최희정 / 1997 / 배우자 사별로 인한 스트레스 및 사회적지지가 우울감에 미치는 영향

  10. [jounal] Diener, E. / 1995 / Personality structure of well-being / Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 69 : 130 ~ 141

  11. [jounal] Frone, M. R. / 1992 / Antecedents and outcomes of work-family conflict: Testing a model of the work-family interface / Journal of Applied Psychology 77 : 65 ~ 78

  12. [jounal] Greenhaus, J. H. / 1985 / Sources of conflict between work and family roles / Academy of Management review 10 : 76 ~ 88

  13. [jounal] Gutec, B / 1991 / Rational versus gender role explanations for work-family conflict / Journal of Applied psychology 76 : 560 ~ 568

  14. [jounal] Lawton, M. P / 1975 / The Philadelphia Geriatric Center Morale Scale: A Revision / Journal of Gerontology 30 : 85 ~ 89

  15. [book] Levinson, D. J. / 1996 / The season's of a woman's life / Knopf

  16. [jounal] Liang, J. / 1983 / The structure of the Philadelphia Geriatric Center Morale Scale: A reinterpretation / Journal of Gerontology 38 : 181 ~ 189

  17. [jounal] Lodahl, T. / 1965 / The definition and measurement of job involvement / Journal of Applied Psychology 49 : 24 ~ 33

  18. [jounal] O'Driscoll, M. P. / 1992 / Time devoted to job and off-job activities, interrole conflict, and affective experiences / Journal of Applied Psychology 77 : 272 ~ 279

  19. [jounal] Radloff, L. S. / 1977 / The CES-D Scale: A self-report depression scale for research in the general population / Applied Psychological Measurement 1 : 385 ~ 401

  20. [jounal] Ryff, C. D. / 1995 / The structure of psychological well-being revisited / Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 69 : 719 ~ 727

  21. [book] Warr, P. B. / 1987 / Work, Unemployment and Mental Health / Clarendon Press