ABSTRACT

Objectives: We examined the effectiveness of robot-assisted-activity program to support the mental health of children with cancer in a hospital. Methods: The program using the Artificial Intelligence Robot (AIBO) was performed for 20 minutes twice a week for a 5-week-period. In each session, robot/patient interaction behaviors were recorded with a video camera and were analyzed by two psychologists using Fagot's interactive behavior code and Crowell interaction scale. Only one to six sessions were adequate for analysis. Results: In Fagot's code, there were significant linear trends by session in the activity frequency of major muscle, fantasy play, looking at the robot, gesture for communication, the lack of interaction (p<0.05), and marginally significant linear trends in the frequency of normal play and passive physical activity (p<0.1). The activity frequency of minor muscle in the fifth session were higher than in the first (p<0.05). In Crowell interaction scale, there were no significant changes in all items except the item continuance in the play had higher score in the fifth session than in the first. Conclusion: The robot-assisted-activity program may be helpful to have positive interaction behaviors in children with anti-cancer treatment. Further development of the robot function would be needed to increase the interaction behavior.

KEYWORD

robot-assisted play, activity, program, application

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