ABSTRACT

Adolescent obesity, the period between 12 and 18 years of age, is expected to increase the rates of many chronic diseases. Thus, adolescent obesity is associated with significant economic burden on both individual and society, resulting in considerable healthcare costs and loss of productivity. The aim of the study is to estimate the socioeconomic cost of adolescent obesity. This study takes long-term perspective and employs a prevalence-based approach. First, we select obesity-related diseases from reviewing the existing literature, then estimate both direct and indirect costs of the selected diseases. Next, we compute population attributable fractions (PAFs). Finally, the estimated socioeconomic costs of illness related obesity are derived by multiplying the costs of obesity-related diseases by PAFs. Direct costs include medical care expenditures, caregiver's costs, and traffic costs. Indirect costs representing productivity loss due to premature death and lost workdays. The results show that the socioeconomic cost of adolescent obesity is about 1,363,800million Won. We provide the estimates by sex: 867,783 million Won for male 496,023million Won for female.

KEYWORD

Adolescent, Obesity, Socioeconomic Cost, Direct Cost, Indirect Cost

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