ABSTRACT

The purpose of the present study is to confirm the reliability and validity of the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire. In order to examine this, the Korean Version Childhood Trauma Questionnaire, the Parent-Child Conflict Tactics, the Parental Bonding Instrument-Korean Version, the Sexual Abuse Scale, Symptom Checklist-90-Reversion(SCL-90-R) were administered to 393 university students. Internal consistencies and test-retest reliabilities of five subscales of the Korean Childhood Trauma Questionnaire were considered to an acceptable level. In addition, the results of exploratory factor analysis of the K-CTQ revealed a validation scale(Minimization/Denial Scale) and 5-factor structure : "emotional abuse", "physical abuse", "sexual abuse", "emotional neglect", "physical neglect". To test the convergent validity of K-CTQ, correlation analyses were conducted with the PCCT, the PBI-K. All of the K-CTQ subscales was positively correlated with corresponding subscales of the PCCT. The results of correlation and Oneway ANOVA between the K-CTQ and the SCL-90-R showed that the K-CTQ was associated with psychological maladjustment that reflect ill mental health. The results support the K-CTQ is a reliable and valid test. Finally, the practical use of K-CTQ in counselling and therapeutic intervention was discussed. Also the limitations of the present study and suggestions for the future research were discussed.

KEYWORD

Childhood Trauma Questionnaire, Parent-Child Conflict Tatics, Parental Bonding Instrument-Korean version, Abuse, Neglect, Psychological adjustment

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