ABSTRACT

The goals of this research are three-fold: (1)identifying causes reducing allotment of individual’s family activity hours, (2)exploring gender differences in work-family experiences and reports of work-interference -to-family (WIF) and family-interference-to-work (FIW) while focusing on time-based role conflict aspect, (3) replicating and extending Gutek et al.’s (1991) theoretical framework with married, dual earning subjects from diverse work groups which are sampled from a nation-wide survey. Using a nation-wide telephone survey data, we found that (1)men spent more hours on commuting than women, (2)women with highly gender-role stereotypic attitudes spent more hours with their families compared to women with a low attitude but highly gender-stereotypic men spent more hours on work compared to their counter part, (3)the more time a person spends in work activities and the higher one's proportional contribution to the total family income, the less time the person spends in family activities. In addition to those, we found a significant three-way interaction amaong gender, gender-role stereotype, and family-related hours in predicting amount of work-related hours. Finally, the implications and limitations of this study and the directions for future study were discussed.

KEYWORD

Work-family conflict, gender-role stereotype, gender, work-related hours, family-related hours, proportional contribution to total family income, work interference to family, family interference to work

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