ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study is to research of the Scythe style Headgear in ancient times. The background of Korean Ethnical Headgear was originated from those northern mounted nomadic groups, which was Scythe style costume culture through the antique records and paintings of tombs bequests and kurgan burials. Scythe style Headgear was Conical Cap(or Pointed Cap), Feathered Cap, and Diadem. The motive and method of wearing, materials of Conical Cap(or Pointed Cap) were influenced by Scythe style. Scythian Conical Cap sewed the circumference of two piece and a form which dangles the lower edges was hangs down on the back of one´s neck. The form gradually became decoration and the lower edges of Conical Cap which was disappeared, becomes puts out is changed in the form which from chin lower part ties with the string with the fact that. The customs of the Feathered Cap were greatly related to the hunting life of a horse-riding people and they were dominated the birds worship ideology originated from the primitive religion of a northern people namely shamanism. In the early days Jou-Gwan with natural bird-feathers was decorated with golden and silver bird-feathers with the development of a society and it changed realistic and creative in the form. The Jou-Gwan(: Feathered Cap) in according to upper part of central insert plate style was influenced by the scythe style that was ‘Scythe-shaped’ tail. The scythe style Diadem was to classify of the Tree-typed and Tree and Antler-typed Diadem. They were influenced by Tree worship and cult of deer in Northern mounted nomadic groups.

KEYWORD

Scythian, Conical Cap, Jou-Gwan(: Feathered Cap), Birds worship, Tree-typed Diadem, Tree and Antler-typed Diadem, Tree worship, Cult of deer

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