ABSTRACT

The purpose of the study was to investigate the intervening variables for adult attachment and marital satisfaction by using caregiving and sexual intimacy variables as mediators based on adult pair bonding relationship model of Shaver & Hazan. The Subjects for the this study were 469 married people(242 men and 227 women) in mariage who are living in Seoul metropolitan area and its vicinity. Each participant completed a package of measures; Experiences in Close Relationships Scales(ECRS), Marital Satisfaction Scale(GDS), Caregiving Questionnaire, and Sexual Intimacy Scale. The data were analyzed with descriptive statistics and structural equation model by using SPSS 11.5 program and AMOS 5.0. The findings of the study can be summarized as follows; First, there were significant correlations among adult attachment, caregiving, sexual intimacy and marital satisfaction. Second, the higher attachment anxiety and attachment avoidance level caused the lower marital satisfaction. Third, the structural equation model result indicated that the attachment avoidance in individuals is negatively related to caregiving, sexual intimacy and marital satisfaction. The attachment anxiety in individuals is positively related to sexual intimacy but there was no significant correlation in caregiving variable. Fourth, the caregiving variable was significantly related to the sexual intimacy variable. Fifth, the indirect effect on marital satisfaction of attachment anxiety and attachment avoidance showed relatively lower than the direct effect on marital satisfaction. In conclusion, attachment avoidance was the strong variable which predicts marital satisfaction negatively. Lastly, the implications and limitations of this study were discussed and the suggestions for further studies were recommended.

KEYWORD

marital satisfaction, adult attachment, caregiving, sexuality, sexual intimacy

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