ABSTRACT

A integrative approach was attempted to understand various addiction disorders. Addiction can be defined as a loss of self-regulation and substitute the dependence. Addiction can be understood as a syndrome with common genetic and psychosocial vulnerabilities, temporal stages, and neurobiological basis. Results of recent cognitive neuroscientific studies, which show underlying disregulatory neural mechanisms of learning and memory that under normal circumstances serve to shape survival behaviors related to pursuit of rewards and cues that predict them, were presented. Pathology, prevention and treatment of addiction were discussed at bio-psycho-social levels. A new model to explain changing processes from addiction to self-regulation are needed. Roles of psychology to overcome for new coming technological addiction was emphasized.

KEYWORD

addiction, self-regulation, cognitive neuroscience, bio-psycho-social model

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