초록

본 연구에서는 대학생 독자들이 48개의 평이한 문장을 읽을 때, 전반적인 안구 운동의 특성과 어절/단어 수준에서의 특성을 알아보았다. 대학생 독자들은 어절을 대략 225ms 보다가 3.6자 정도 뛰어 다음 어절로 눈을 움직였다. 어절이 짧고 단어가 고빈도일 때는 어절을 건너뛰기도 하고, 앞으로만 읽어가는 것이 아니라 19% 정도 다시 되돌아가서 읽기도 했다. 물론 고정과 도약의 양상은 독자에 따라 개인차가 있었다. 이런 전반적인 양상과 더불어, 어절 수준에서 어절 길이, 단어 빈도 및 착지점 관련 효과를 살펴보았는데, 눈은 대체로 어절의 중앙에 자주 착지했으며, 가장자리에 착지했을 때가 중앙에 착지할 때보다 그 어절을 다시 더 고정했다. 또한 독자들은 단어가 고빈도인 어절을 저빈도인 어절보다 훨씬 빨리 읽었다.

키워드

한국어 읽기, 안구 운동, 단어 빈도, 어절 길이, 착지점 효과

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