ABSTRACT

This study analyzed diaries, a homework assigned to 139 children in child care center in Y-si, Jeollanam-do, in an attempt to examine the effect of keeping a diary on the development of writing skills among preschoolers. The evaluation was made on the basis of the diary that was assigned as homework. The evaluation of writing skill development was based on the six stages set forth by Lee Yeong-Ja(1997), and the writing error analysis table developed by Kim Dong-Il(2002) was used to analyze the error. The outcome of analysis on the data indicated no significant difference in the writing skill development of children, depending on the gender. Age was the most significant factor that had effect on the writing skill development of children. A highly statistically significant difference was found as to the availability of the learning paper. The analysis on the writing skill of children in the sentence-writing-stage indicated that the gender played a signifiant role as a variable in terms of number of word and spelling. In addition, age and the availability of the learning paper were found to have an effect on the spelling. A high correlation was found among the number of word, writing and spelling. Finally, the analysis on the error type of word indicated that the error in 'writing according to the sound' was the most frequent. The error in 'writing according to the sound' decreased as they got older, whereas the substitute error increased. Moreover, omission of final consonant (or consonant cluster) on the end of a Korean orthographic syllable comprised over 90% of errors in phonemic emission, the greatest portion, followed by the omission of syllable and other errors.

KEYWORD

Writing skill development, sentence writing, developmental factor, type of errors in writing

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